The head of Roshydromet explained the emergence of the new Arctic islands
Igor Shumakov, Head of The Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet), told that new islands in the Arctic appear due to the melting of glaciers and ground, being moved by the flows.
He has added that these phenomena are typical for the territories of the Franz Josef Land archipelago.
“Sometimes the island appear when the glacier on the peninsula melts and, thereby, separates this area from the main land area. Today this process is ongoing, and it is difficult to say how many times we will have to make amendments to the geographical and navigation maps of the Polar Region”, said Igor Shumakov.
The Agency's interlocutor also noted that sometimes islands are formed due to accumulation of sediment in the shallow areas. For example, appearance of Yaya Island in the eastern part of the Laptev Sea has happened this way.
Yaya Island was discovered by helicopter pilots who flew to Novosibirsk in August 2013. The name is related to the pilots' answer to the question about who was the first to notice the new island. Both of them said “I”, which is pronounced as “ya” in Russian.