The Northern Sea Route is the basis of the Arctic transport system of Russia
In St. Petersburg, as part of the IX International Forum “Arctic: Today and the Future” Deputy Governor of the Murmansk Region Olga Kuznetsova spoke about the advantages of the Sea Port of Murmansk and its role in the development of the Northern Sea Route. According to a B-Port correspondent, the vice-governor recalled that Murmansk is the only port in the European part of Russia with free access to ocean highways, and the Northern Sea Route connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean through Arctic waters, providing access to natural resources of the Far North, Siberia and the Far East. The Murmansk region itself today has the necessary transport infrastructure and is connected with the industrially developed regions of the country.
“The port of Murmansk is the main in the region. It has all the necessary infrastructure for the reception, maintenance and ship repair. The ships of Russian shipping companies, the rescue fleet and the unique nuclear icebreaker fleet, the nuclear powered ships of which carry out the vessels along the Northern Sea Route, are also based here ”, - Olga Kuznetsova recalled. For example, in 2019, a record batch of coal was shipped in the Murmansk Sea Port - 156,898 tons (the previous record was set in 2013 and amounted to 153,141 tons - Ed.).
Olga Kuznetsova also said that the Northern Sea Route is the basis of the Arctic transport system of Russia. It provides economic integration of the Arctic territories, both with developed regions of Russia and with other countries of the world, opens up the possibility of access to the largest hydrocarbon deposits and aquatic biological resources of the Arctic zone, and other types of strategic raw materials. At present, the main enterprises operating the NSR are Atomflot and the Murmansk Transport Branch of Nornickel, and a complex for the transshipment of LNG by NOVATEK is being created on a remote section of the seaport of Murmansk.
According to the deputy governor, the leading project in the development of maritime transport infrastructure is the project "Integrated development of the Murmansk transport hub." As a result of this project, a year-round deep-sea marine hub center for the processing of container and oil cargoes, transshipment of coal and mineral fertilizers, integrated into the North-South and West-East international transport corridors will be created in the region.