Russian scientists have opened a new Arctic research station
Scientists of Moscow State University, together with colleagues from the Arctic Research Center (Salekhard), opened a new research station on Bely Island in the Kara Sea of the Arctic Ocean. This was reported in the press service of Moscow State University.
According to scientists, this research point is necessary to assess the state of the environment in the region. Currently, experts don’t have real knowledge about the sources of emissions, the amount and composition of pollution of the Arctic ecosystem.
«The station was created in order to capture harmful pollutants in our atmosphere. The problem of black carbon pollution is especially relevant for the Arctic region. The station is open”, - the director of the Research Institute of Nuclear Physics of Moscow State University named Mikhail Panasyuk said.
Bely Island is the northernmost territory of the Yamal-Nenets Okrug, it is located on the path of air masses from Siberian regions with high anthropogenic and industrial activity to the Arctic.
Studies at the new station will determine the degree of environmental damage that the burning of fossil fuels and natural gas causes to the atmosphere of the Arctic, as well as forest fires, scientists say.
At the station, instruments are installed that are designed to measure the concentration of black carbon and physicochemical analysis of the composition of the polluted atmosphere.
In 2014, a research hospital of the Russian Arctic Development Center was also established on Bely Island, and in 2015, scientists from the Institute of Industrial Ecology of the Ural Branch of the RAS installed a Picarro laser gas analyzer for continuous measurements of greenhouse gas concentrations, determination of their sources and emission volumes at a distance of 1 thousand km.
Previously, scientists from the geological faculty of Moscow State University told that the Arctic underwater Mendeleev ridge has a continental foundation.