Polar Explorers Day is celebrated today in Russia
This is one of the new holidays in our country - the initiative to establish the Day of the polar explorer in December 2012 was taken by the Special Presidential Representative for International Cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic, President of the Association of Polar Explorers, Artur Chilingarov.
The date was chosen due to the fact that the world's first drifting polar station "North Pole-1" started its work on this day in 1937. Four polar explorers - the head of the expedition Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin, hydrobiologist and oceanologist Peter Petrovich Shirshov, astronomer and magnetologist Evgeny Konstantinovich Fedorov, as well as radio operator Ernst Theodorovich Krenkel have spent there 274 days - from the end of May 1937 to February 19, 1938. During this time, the ice floe have passed more than 2000 km from the Pole to the shores of Greenland, and the researchers managed to make unique scientific observations. After the expedition all of them were awarded the titles of Heroes of the Soviet Union.
The decree on the establishment of the Polar Explorer's Day was signed by President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, on May 21, 2013 and its first celebration was held on the same day.