Scientists from St. Petersburg will create standards for nuclear shipbuilding
Scientists of D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology in the Rosstandart system will develop new standards for better controllability of ships and aircraft. It was reported by the head of the Institute Anton Pronin.
An important stage in the development of domestic shipbuilding will be the creation of a set of standards in the field of measuring large values of torque effect. The controllability and maneuverability of ships and aircraft, the energy efficiency of mining, gas and oil pumping equipment depends on the accuracy of measuring this value. It is required to increase the playback range of the unit of torque by at least 15 times for the development of these industries. For example, it is necessary for the implementation of such large projects as the «Power of Siberia» gas pipeline and the creation of a modern atomic icebreaking fleet.
A prototype of the complex is planned to be created in the years 2021-2024. But the experts of D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology have already produced a prototype of the future working standard and they are preparing the technical specifications. Specialists of the Institute contributed to the creation of the icebreaker "Arctic". For several years, a methodology was developed for calibrating saltmeters operating in nuclear reactors of an atomic-powered vessel, for the flagship vessel of the project 22220.
As Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov noted, with project 22220 Russia begins a new stage in the development of the Northern Sea Route. The nuclear head ship "Arctic", serial "Siberia" and "Ural" will be able to conduct year-round caravans of ships, breaking through ice up to three meters thick. The icebreakers of this project are intended for transportation of hydrocarbon raw materials from the fields of the Kara Sea to the markets of the countries of the Asia-Pacific region.
D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology is one of the largest world centers of scientific and practical metrology. In July 1994, it was granted the status of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation by decree of the Government of the Russian Federation . The most important state task is to ensure the uniformity of measurements in the country at the international level by using state standards of physical units, improving existing standards and creating new ones by conducting fundamental and applied scientific research.