Likhachev: we bet on the APR markets for the development of the Northern Sea Route
The main task of Rosatom as the operator of the Northern Sea Route is to make this route attractive in terms of investment and competitive in terms of global logistics. It was reported by the head of Rosatom Alexey Likhachev.
At the same time, he suggested that in the near future we would witness serious changes in the global energy balance. According to him: “The European direction will noticeably decrease and deliveries to the Asia-Pacific region will increase. If China and India really start decarbonization, the cargo traffic there will quickly grow».
«On the Northern Sea Route speed is extremely important, it is necessary to move at a speed of 10−12 knots. And we must move like a train, on a schedule. Caravans should approach, form, go towards each other, icebreakers should go ahead. And if we don’t provide this speed, the cost price of the shipper will immediately increase, and it may fall out of the market» — Alexey Likhachev said.
At the same time, there are almost no icebreakers that could provide year-round navigation in Russia. Soviet icebreakers are doing their best, two new icebreakers with a capacity of 60 megawatts are being completed and another contract has been signed for two icebreakers. But in order for cargo traffic to the APR countries to be permanent, Rosatom will need to build several “Leader” icebreakers with a capacity of 120 megawatts. The first one should be completed in 2026.
«If we are already moving from tens of millions of tons per month to other figures, then this should be a caravan of three "Leaders" by 2030-2035», — the head of Rosatom specified and noted that year-round navigation on the Northern Sea Route would allow to provide transit cargo traffic, and route from Asia to Europe would be reduced from 24,000 to 12,000–14,000 kilometers.